3: Measure the causes of the Act of Union of 1800, and consider many ways in which the Articles of Union themselves were intended to resolve the apparent problems in Ireland's constitutional, political and religious romantic relationship with England. Your dissertation must make mention of the the relevant record studied in seminar your five.
There were many significant factors behind the Act of Union between The uk and Ireland in 1800, most notably, the United Irishmen rebellion of 1798, combined with the French landing at Killala in North Mayo. The United Irishmen, a radical mixed religious group, acquired began a campaign against British regulation in Ireland in 1798. This rebellion was centered around Wexford, Wicklow and a protestant linen employee rebellion in Antrim. The rebellion was poorly organized and synchronised, and many parts of the country were still left undisturbed. Although it was just one more rebellion by the Irish that was conquered, it fast forwarded the long standing idea that a politics, constitutional and military union was required between the two countries in order to avoid further battle, or even worse, to get Ireland to turn into a stepping natural stone in a France invasion from the British Isles. The bother about a French invasion starting in Ireland was compounded with a small French landing in north Mayo, that led to two challenges, at Castlebar and Ballinamuck. The French getting was asked by Wolfe Tone, a protestant who had been viewed as the best of the Usa Irishmen. Wolfe Tone was influenced by French and American Cycles, and passed this impact onto the United Irishmen.
The truth that the American Revolution had occurred therefore recently as well had another major bearing on the Act of Union. the British parliament did not want to lose another colony, especially not merely one this near home. This kind of most likely may have being seen as a major some weakness by the additional European powers of the time.
The French wave, which assured freedom to any or all religions and races, and equal legal rights to all men would likewise have being seen as a threat to George 3, the current monarch, who's Coronation Oath held him to uphold and secure the Protestant faith. Article Fifth of the Act of Union combined the Church of Ireland and the House of worship of Britain into one central Protestant Episcopal Church. It also made the protestant beliefs the official religion of Ireland. The unity in the churches will also have carefully bred the desire that more with the Catholic majority in Ireland would be transformed. This would include being a vital cause for the union having voted throughout the all simple Irish legislative house, as the protestants were outnumbered by Catholics in the general inhabitants at a ratio of three: 11. Should the Act of Union go, they would land on the opposite side, it would be a 3: eleven protestant vast majority.
On a related topic, Robert Peel had earlier getting responsible for the ending of several of the penal laws, all considering that the threat of war began in Portugal. In 1793 Catholics may vote and turn into lawyers initially. He also played a part in the repeal of Poynings Law, which in turn allowed the Irish legislative house to sanction its own laws and regulations without influence from Birmingham for the first time considering that the Norman Breach. However , vitally, he could not hold his nerve to repeal the Penal legislation that halted Catholics from holding a place in legislative house and many Irish people may have thought this is the most important, because they could just vote for the entirely protestant government. Pitt had reinforced the Work Of Union in 1800, but got originally prepared to follow this with more far reaching ideas, just like Catholic emancipation. However George III, following signing the Act of Union in to law that kicks off in august 1800, rejected to support complete Catholic emancipation on the basis that it would be contrary to his Coronation Pledge.
While the Work of Union was conquered the first time in the Irish legislative house, it was transferred the second moments of asking. Certain peerages, retirement benefits and certain honors were offered to Irish politicians and...
Bibliography: Darkish, Micheal, В James Kelly, Patrick M. Geoghegan, The Irish Act of Union, 1800, (Irish Academic Press, 2003)
Dr McGrath Lecture Slides, Contested Island
Lalor, Brian (ed). В The Encyclopaedia of Ireland. Gill & Macmillan, Dublin, Ireland, the year 2003.
Ward, Joe J. The Irish Constitutional Tradition, (IrishВ Academic Press, 1994)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/acts_of_union_01.shtml 28th March 2012
[ 9 ]. Alan L. Ward, В The Irish Constitutional TraditionВ p. 28(IrishВ Academic Press, 1994)
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