PhD prospect

 PhD prospect Essay

International Diary of Linguistics

ISSN 1948-5425

2013, Volume. 5, Number 4

Ideational Grammatical Metaphor in Medical Texts: A

Hallidayan Perspective

Bahram Kazemian (Corresponding author)

Department of English, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Usa E-mail: [email protected] com

Biook Behnam

Office of British, Tabriz Part, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran Email-based: [email protected] com

Naser Ghafoori

Department of English, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University or college, Tabriz, Serbia E-mail: [email protected] ac. ir

Received: August 8, 2013

doi: 15. 5296/ijl. v5i4. 4192

Recognized: August nineteen, 2013

Posted: August twenty-eight, 2013

WEB LINK: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v5i4.4192

Subjective

Scientific Texts are generally centered on very technical terms, and perhaps they are troublesome to comprehend due to their complexity in forms and meanings. Grammatical metaphor is split up into two wide areas: ideational and sociable. This daily news focuses on the first type i. electronic. Ideational Grammatical Metaphor, which includes process types and nominalization. This daily news adopts Hallidayan Systemic Efficient Grammar to pinpoint and analyze nominalization and the role played because of it. With a a of twelve authentic medical texts drawn from very important magazines, the analysis is definitely conducted based on nominalization, the frequency and process types. The analysis displays that Ideational Grammatical Metaphor features permeated clinical texts and the prevailing procedure types happen to be material and relational types. Consequently, the tone of the writing is more abstract, technological and formal. Instances of IGM In scientific writing enable technicality and rationality. Depending on the results of this examine, some implications can be sketched for academic and medical 146

www.macrothink.org/ijl

International Journal of Linguistics

ISSN 1948-5425

2013, Vol. 5, No . 4

writing and studying as well as interpraters, students and instructors associated with writing and reading pedagogy.

Keywords: Systemic functional linguistics, Grammatical metaphor, Ideational grammatical metaphor, Nominalization, Process types, Scientific texts

147

www.macrothink.org/ijl

International Diary of Linguistics

ISSN 1948-5425

2013, Volume. 5, Number 4

1 ) Introduction

The Systemic-Functional Sentence structure was developed in 1970s by the United kingdom linguist Meters. A. T Halliday, and this particular method to the study of grammar is significant because it links the gap between sociable and linguistic structure within a precise manner. The basic presumption surrounding Halliday's systemic theory is that type and function of grammar enjoy a fundamental position in discourse formation and this there is a choice of linguistic options available to meet various cases of social needs. Systemic functional linguistics (SFL) is an approach to linguistics that regards dialect as a social semiotic program. Michael Halliday (1985, 1994) took the notion of SFL from his teacher, L R Firth (Graber, 2001; Aronoff & Miller, 2003).

The assumptive and methodological approach underpinning this job is Grammatical Metaphor (GM) by Halliday (1985, 1994). SFL considers language as a semantic design of connotations that are generally bound plan a particular context. According to SFL, vocabulary thus can not be separated by either their speakers or perhaps its circumstance. The noncongruent ways of coding language happen to be referred to as GMC (Halliday, 85, 1994; Halliday & Matthiessen, 1999). Hence, GM is known as a resource that language utilizes to encapsulate information simply by conveying concepts in an incongruent form which is very useful in medical genres as a method of articulating objectification and abstraction. And GM has been of paramount importance in the development of scientific genre, especially in the form of nominalized processes (Webster, 2005b; Halliday & Webster, 2009).

Halliday (1985, 1994) has labeled GM in to Ideational Grammatical metaphor (IGM) and interpersonal Grammatical...

Sources: Aronoff, A., & Callier, J. L. (2003). The handbook of linguistics. Birmingham: Blackwell

Creating

Caffarel, A. (2006). A systemic efficient grammar of French: Coming from grammar to discourse.

Cehan, A. (2004). Language metafunctions in class discourse. Romanian Journal of

English Studies, 4, 265-272.

Eggins, T. (1994). An introduction to systemic functional linguistics. London: Continuum.

Graber, G. L. (2001). Context in Text: A Systemic practical analysis with the Parable in the

Sower

Halliday, M. A. K. (1985). An Introduction to Functional Sentence structure (1st impotence. ). Greater london: Edward

Arnold.

Halliday, Meters. A. E. (1989). Voiced and crafted language. Great britain: Oxford School Press.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1994). An introduction to functional grammar (2nd impotence. ). London, uk: Edward

Arnold.

Halliday, M. A. K., & Matn, J. R. (1993). Publishing science. Literacy and talk power.

Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (1999). Construing knowledge through

meaning: A language-based approach to experience

Halliday, Meters. A. T., & Matthiessen, C. Meters. I. M. (2004). An Introduction to Practical

Grammar (3rd ed. )

Halliday, M. A. E., & Webster, J. M. (2009). Entier companion to systemic practical

linguistics

Knowles, M., & Moon, R. (2006). Presenting metaphor. Ny: Routledge.

Matn, J. R., Matthiessen, C. M. I. M., & Painter, C. (1997). Working together with functional sentence structure.

Murar, I. (2004). In grammatical metaphor. Romanian Journal of English Studies, 4,

167

Went up, D. (1997). Science, technology and technical literacies. [Online] Available:

http://www.readingtolearn.com.au/images/pdf/Science_technology_and_technical_literacies.

pdf (March 15, 2012).

Taverniers, Meters. (2002). Systemic-functional linguistics as well as the notion of grammatical

metaphor: A assumptive study and a proposal for a semiotic-functional integrative unit.

Taverniers, Meters. (2003). Grammatical metaphor in SFL: A historiography of the introduction

and

http://users.ugent.be/~mtaverni/publications.html (July 20, 2012).

Taverniers, Meters. (2006). Grammatical metaphor and lexical metaphor: Different perspectives

on semantic variation

(June 25, 2012).

Thompson, G. (2004). Introducing functional grammar. London: Arnold.

Vandenbergen, H., Marie, A., Taverniers, M., & Ravelli, L. (2003). Grammatical Metaphor:

Views from systemic functional linguistics

Webster, J. T. (2003). Upon language and linguistics. Greater london: Continuum.

Webster, J. L. (2005 a). Studies in English dialect. London/New York: Continuum.

Webster, J. T. (2005 b). Studies in Chinese language. University of The state of michigan: Continuum.


Related

Making British the Official Vocabulary Essay

I stay in Texas and i also can actually say that there exists a language barrier between non English speaking people and English speaking Americans in Texas inside the Hispanic community…...

Academic Calendar Kpmim July 2013 Article

BAHAGIAN KEMAMPUAN TINGGI KOLEJ PROFESIONAL MARA CALENDAR 2013 JULY Meters T T Th F SA SU M Big t W A F SOCIAL…...

Basic Remarks on British Essay

SIMPLE ENGLISH RECORDS WORD: A group of words and phrases which expresses a complete thought. A sentence must include a subject and a limited verb. …...

Essay about Lesson Program The Power Of Salesmanship: Lesson 2 Reading And English Language Arts Eight Grade Page

Teach21 Lesson Plan The strength of Persuasion: Lesson 2 Reading and British Language Arts Eighth Class Page you of 1 Lessons Plan Title/Info: Creator: Subject matter: Grade Level: Essential…...

The Canadian Food and Beverage Market Essay

The Canadian Market Market Size: The citizenry of Canada is 33. 5 million. " Canada's current annual population progress rate can be 1 . 238%, or…...

Accouting 305 Essay

Group Assignment |1 Economical statement research Group Project Lecturer: Mister. Ph?m S? Long Category: FB0607 Nguy?n Ng?c Huy – FB00358 Phan Thu H??ng – FB00095 Tr?n Ho?ng…...

Hispanics Healthcare Issues in Texas Dissertation

Hispanics Healthcare Issues in Texas Jose Rodriguez Excelsior College HSC320: Medical care Issues in Culturally Varied Populations Craig Owens The spring 24, 2011 Hispanics…...

Creative Publishing Fear Composition

FEAR. Starting the book ‘Raw' written down by simply Martin Crowe my eyes fixated on the subsequent words, " Fear. That emotion I have fought all…...

LEONARDO DAVINCI’S MACHINE GUN Essay

LEONARDO DAVINCI'S EQUIPMENT GUN HISTORY OF INVENTOR AND TECHNOLOGY: Leonardo came to be on 04 15, 1452. He is generally known as one of the best…...

Whats the Proces It is advisable to Become a Officer Research Newspaper

Phase a couple of Individual Task CJUS141-03 Michelle Perman Professor Nici May possibly 30, 2011 RE: Police Qualifications I selected to do my…...