UNIT 2 MANAGEMENT THOUGHT
2 . 0 Advantages 2 . one particular Unit Aims 2 . two Approaches to Administration 2 . installment payments on your 1 installment payments on your 2 . 2 2 . 2 . 3 installment payments on your 2 . some 2 . installment payments on your 5 2 . 2 . 6th Max Weber's Bureaucracy Farreneheit. W. Taylor's Scientific Supervision Henri Fayol's Process and Operational Managing Human Relationships Approach Behaviourial Approach Program Approach and Contingency Strategy
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Synopsis Key Terms Answers to вЂCheck Your Progress' Questions and Exercises Further more Reading/References
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The practice of management is as older as individual civilization on its own. In fact , most of the progress manufactured by mankind in the centuries could possibly be attributed to the effective management of methods. Examples of powerful management of resources could be the irrigation systems, existence of public ammenities and the structure of various ancient monuments like Taj Mahal and the Egyptian pyramids of the bygone era. These examples amply demonstrate the practice of management during the earlier days. The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Portugal, Rome and Indus Area displayed the marvellous outcomes of good management methods. However , study regarding management within a methodical style as a known body expertise originated only recently. This is for managing being indicated as the вЂoldest from the arts and youngest of the sciences. Consequently , the practice of managing cannot be considered as a new endeavor. Management has become practiced for hundreds of years. But the technology part of it, which refers to the organized body of knowledge, is no uncertainty a happening of the present century. The traditional management procedures remained quite stable before the Industrial Revolution that commenced in the mid-eighteenth century. The commercial Revolution substituted man electrical power by equipment power through several medical inventions. Because of this, within a many years, industrial activity went through a metamorphosis. Male's quest for locating new ways of accomplishing things whilst adopting the scientific and technological inventions in the production of several goods and services, ended in the following: вЂў Mass development due to concern of require вЂў Creation of corporate kind of organization, which will led to considerable production Self-Instructional Material
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Spectacular improvements in the transport and communication features Increase in competition for marketplaces Establishment from the new employerвЂ“employee relationship and so on Industrial Trend, which sowed the seed of modern management
The development of a systematic management thought took place inside the twentieth hundred years. But this could not generate the impression that this was developed in this hundred years alone. Efforts at fixing management complications date back to historical times. For example , the importance of organization and administration inside the ancient times is noticeable From the presentation of the early on Egyptian papyri dating back again as early as toll free BC. In his parables, Confucius gave practical suggestions in regards to public operations and suggested the selection of unselfish, honest and capable representatives. There are many illustrations in Traditional, Roman and other civilizations in the use of scientific principles of management and administration. Military leaders likewise used various such rules. The Both roman Catholic House of worship had one of the most formal organization in the great western cultures. Striking examples of these approaches are the development of the pecking order of expert with its scalar territorial organization, specialization of activities along the functional lines and the early and intelligent use of staff.
2 . one particular UNIT GOALS
After under-going this product, you will be able to: вЂў Trace the history of management вЂў Understand the traditional approach, it is advantages and disadvantages вЂў Identify the different approaches in the development of management thought вЂў Analyse the role of F. W. Taylor in the...
References: 1 ) Drucker, G. The Practice of Management. Harper & Row, New york city, 1954. installment payments on your George, C. S. A brief history of Management Thought. Prentice Hall, late 1960s, pp. 20-21. 3. Wren, D. A. and 3rd there’s r. D. Hay. Management Historians and Organization Historians; Varying Perceptions of Pioneer Contributing factors. Academy of Management Journal (Sept. 1977), pp. 470-476. 4. Garbut, D., C. Babbage: Leader of Medical Operations Research. The Accountant, London, September. 16, the year of 1971, p. 389. 5. Babbage, C. Around the Economy of Machinery and Manufacturers. Carey and Lea, Philadelphia, 1832.
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